Multi-Object Segmentation With Coupled Deformable Models

Abstract

For biomechanical simulations, the segmentation of multiple adjacent anatomical structures from medical image data is often required. If adjacent structures are barely distinguishable in image data, in general automatic segmentation methods for single structures do not yield sufficiently accurate results. To improve segmentation accuracy in these cases, knowledge about adjacent structures must be exploited. Optimal graph searching (graph cuts) based on deformable surface models allows for a simultaneous segmentation of multiple adjacent objects. However, this method requires a correspondence relation between vertices of adjacent surface meshes. Line segments, each containing two corresponding vertices, may then serve as shared displacement directions in the segmentation process. In this paper we propose a scheme for constructing a correspondence relation in adjacent regions of two arbitrary surfaces. This correspondence relation implies shared displacement directions that we apply for segmentation with deformable surfaces. Here, overlap of the surfaces is guaranteed not to occur. We show correspondence relations for regions on a femoral head and acetabulum and other adjacent structures, as well as an evaluation of segmentation results on 50 CT images of the hip joint.

Publication
Annals of the BMVA Vol. 2009, No. 5, pp 1–10 (2009)
Hans Lamecker
Hans Lamecker
Managing Director

Advancing 3D analysis, planning, design and manufacturing using innovative computational methodologies and tools.

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